Our feet carry us around wherever we wish to go. We, however, pay them little mind unless they’re causing some kind of pain or discomfort. When this kind of pain hits, it can be difficult to stand, walk, or conduct everyday activities.
Pain in the foot can manifest itself in the toes, arches, and heels. It’s so common, in fact, that a “…survey from the Institute for Preventive Foot Health shows that nearly 80 percent of people ages 21 and older have had at least one problem with their feet.” (1) Luckily, this pain is very treatable, just read the list of causes of foot pain below to find out how to do it.
10 Most Common Causes of Foot Pain
Once you know what you’re suffering from, it’s a lot easier to seek treatment and get you feet back to health.
1. Plantar Fasciitis
Wearing proper footwear with arch support and strengthening and stretching the feet and calves are equally important.
2. Flat feet
Fallen arches occur when the tendons in your calves don’t pull together properly. This causes the natural upward arch in the middle of your foot to fall flat. Children and pregnant women experience fallen arches, but only temporarily. Aging, diabetes, genetics, injury, and obesity may also cause the condition (3).
To ease the swelling and aches, orthotics might be order. It’s also advised to seek help from a podiatrist to get a proper diagnosis.
3. Heel Spurs
Heel spurs are growths of little calcium deposit protrusions under heel bones. Some heel spurs are painless while others cause heal pain or even plantar fasciitis.
Exercise, custom-made orthotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and cortisone injections can all treat heel spurs, but surgery might be required if the condition is too advanced. Losing weight, avoiding running, and wearing proper shoes can help treat and prevent the condition (4).
Calluses are thick skin that builds up on your heels, toes, and the balls of your feet to protect your skin friction and pressure. They can also occur on the hands of athletes and the fingers of certain musicians. While they aren’t painful, they do cause dry, rough skin that can be unsightly to some (5).
Calluses can be treated at home with soaking your feet in warm water, moisturizing the skin, and using a pumice stone to exfoliate the bottom of your foot. Podiatrists and estheticians may also remove the skin by using a sterile blade (6).