1. Weight Loss
Your body’s first source of energy is glucose. Primarily, it’s used in high quantities by your brain and liver. Glucose is also the first thing to be stored as fat in times of inactivity or overeating.
However, when you restrict your carbohydrate intake, your body isn’t receiving as enough glucose. This forces your body to turn towards fat (including adipose tissue) as its primary source of fuel.
2. Managing Type 2 Diabetes
Because it promotes insulin sensitivity, the ketogenic diet can help reduce the quantity of insulin required by diabetic patients and even completely wean them off the medication.
It also has beneficial effects in reversing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, food cravings, high blood sugar, gout, and high blood pressure.
3. Cancer Treatment
The diet prevents cancer by affecting cancer cells directly.
To put it simply, cancer cells thrive off glucose, the same molecule in sugar and carbohydrates. Cutting glucose out of your life starves cancer since it cannot survive on alternate energy sources (6).
4. Mental Health Improvement
When patients suffer from Alzheimer’s disease, brain cells become unable to use glucose as energy and die off. The ketogenic diet is thus effective in treating Alzheimer’s by giving your brain an alternate source of energy to slow cognitive decline.
Further, one study found that the diet reduced symptoms of a schizophrenia-like disease in mice while case studies have also observed benefits for patients suffering from depression and bipolar disorder (10).
Starting A Ketogenic Diet
To begin, you’ll have to start gradually cutting your carb intake to eventually reach no more than 50 grams a day.
Protein, on the other hand, should be limited to less than 120 grams a day while fat can go up to 200 grams of dietary fat daily. If your goal is to lose weight, cut the fat by 30 grams.
Get your fat through rich foods like butter, avocado, coconut oil, olive oil, fish, nuts, cheese, and seeds. You can also fill your diet with protein-rich meats, eggs, and lentils, and fill up on low carb fruits and veggies.