The Shrimp You Eat May Not be What You Think It Is

by DailyHealthPost Editorial

shrimp mislabeled

We can spend hours in the grocery store reading labels. We want to make the best choices for our families.

But what can we do if the label doesn’t accurately reflect the contents of the package?

Such is the case with shrimp. Once these delectable little sea creatures are peeled and packaged, it’s difficult to tell one variety from another. We’re relying on the label to tell us what’s inside. New studies suggest: don’t.


Oceana is a non-profit organization that is dedicated to ocean conservation. In a recent study of shrimp sold in the U.S., what it found may astound and you–not to mention fill you with righteous indignation:

“Out of 143 products tested, Oceana found that 30 percent were misrepresented, which Oceana defined as either mislabeled (swapping out one species for another), misleading (labeling farmed species as “Gulf”), or mixed/mystery (commingling species among bagged shrimp).”

The report of the study’s findings, which surveyed shrimp sold around the Gulf of Mexico; Washington, DC; Portland, Oregon; and New York City, concluded:

“Misrepresenting shrimp not only leaves consumers in the dark, but it also hurts honest fishermen who are trying to sell their products into the market.”

Cause For Concern

shrimp mislabeled

The practical side of misrepresentation means that you may be paying more for what you think you’re buying than what is actually in the package or on the restaurant’s plate.

For instance, three bags of “shrimp” examined in the study found fish included that couldn’t be identified.

One of those co-mingled was a coral shrimp normally sold as an aquarium fish. The even more disturbing part is that mercury-laden, allergy-provoking, or farmed fish can be mixed in without you being aware.


This isn’t the first study of its kind; a Consumer Reports survey of fish bought in Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey that was sold as tuna found that only fifty-nine percent was really tuna. The rest was a conglomeration of other kinds of fish.

Other surveys of fish sold in restaurants (at thirty-eight percent) and as sushi (at seventy-four percent) also found significant incidences of incorrect seafood identification. Be wary of buying the following types of fish, whether in a market or at a restaurant[2]:

  • Catfish
  • Chilean Sea Bass
  • Cod
  • Grouper
  • Halibut
  • Red Snapper
  • Salmon
  • Sole

Mislabeling isn’t confined to seafood, of course. Food manufacturers are surprisingly allowed very generous license when it comes to how they describe what they sell. Although governed by agencies specifically designed to inform and protect the buying public, regulations are rarely enforced.

When the Food and Drug Administration or US Department of Agriculture step in, it is often only after a negative event occurs that results in a lawsuit or public demand. Recalls and safety alerts may be posted on their websites but how many of us consult these on a regular basis?

A majority of the shrimp sold in the U.S. is from Asia where the standards of transparency, fair and safe working environments, and food quality are often not up to those we expect of domestic products.

As consumers, we need to protect ourselves and demand to know what’s in the foods we eat. Only then can we make informed choices.