Insomnia is a common sleep problem that negatively affects your ability to either fall or stay asleep.
It can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from outside stressors to other medical conditions. There are many health problems that cause insomnia, often because the symptoms of those issues disrupt sleep themselves.
In addition, medications for many health problems have also been linked to insomnia. Learn more about these common causes of insomnia and potential solutions.
Diabetes is one health condition that can cause insomnia because of other symptoms.
If you have diabetes, you likely suffer from the frequent need to urinate. This can wake you up at night, making you unable to stay asleep.
One way to prevent this is to always use the bathroom right before you go to sleep. If you fall asleep with only a slight need to urinate, this will often lead to being woken up in the middle of the night by your bladder.
In addition, you should avoid drinking any fluids 2-3 hours before you go to sleep.
2. Chronic Pain
Another category of illnesses that will cause insomnia by waking you up in the middle of the night are conditions that cause chronic pain.
These can include arthritis, fibromyalgia, and other diseases. Chronic pain will both make it difficult for you to fall asleep in the first place and often cause you to wake up in the night during a bad pain flare.
Unfortunately, depending on the type of pain you suffer from there’s no easy way to prevent these flare ups.
One possibility is to take a pain relieving medication prescribed to you immediately before going to bed, allowing it to last you through the night.
3. Acid Reflux
Acid reflux is another condition that can wake you up in the middle of the night due to pain. Your body’s peak time for acid production is from 10 pm to 2 am. This means that if you eat too close to bedtime, you will often experience acid reflux while you are sleeping.
The burning sensation can cause insomnia if the pain is so severe that it wakes you up. To avoid this situation, do not eat a big meal close to bedtime.
4. Mental Disorders
Mental disorders are a common category of conditions that frequently cause insomnia.
Anxiety and depression are top offenders, as they put you in a state of hyper-arousal, also known as fight or flight.
This can cause you to worry irrationally about how little sleep you are getting, in turn keeping you from falling asleep.
Even if the medical condition you have does not cause insomnia, the medication you are using to treat it might.
Common medications that cause insomnia include alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, corticosteroids, SSRI antidepressants, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II-receptor blockers, cholinesterase inhibitors, non-sedating antihistamines, glucosamine and chondroitin, and statins.
If you are taking any of these medications and are experiencing insomnia, talk to your doctor about potential solutions. He or she may switch you to a different type of medication or work with you to find solutions to treat the insomnia as a symptom.