Peptic ulcers come in a number of different forms based on the location of the ulcer – a gastric ulcer in the stomach or a duodenal ulcer in the duodenum (first part of the small intestine).
These ulcers may be caused by bacteria, ongoing use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) or tumours on the acid producing cells of the stomach .
1. The Main Symptom of Peptic Ulcers is Pain
The primary symptom associated with peptic ulcers is pain in the abdominal region between the navel and the breastbone. It will often be worse when the stomach is empty or at night and may be relieved by eating certain foods and may also be irregular, occurring for a few days and then disappearing . If you notice a sudden increase in the pain or in its sharpness then you should contact a medical practitioner as soon as possible.
2. Changes in Appetite
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Another early symptom is changes in your appetite, one might feel full and not be able to drink as much as usual or one could experience hunger a few hours after eating.
3. Weight Loss
These changes in appetite can lead to weight loss if you eat less due to loss of appetite and the pain associated with eating.
4. Nausea and Vomiting
Imbalances in the gastric juices can also lead to nausea and vomiting. Vomiting blood is an indication of a late phase peptic ulcer and you should seek medical assistance immediately if this happens.