Diabetes type 2 is a condition where a person’s blood sugar levels have become too high and need correct management by a doctor or a qualified diabetes health coach. So many people now live with diabetes type 2, that it is now considered a global epidemic.
Diabetes type 2 is also one of the easiest diseases to prevent through eating the correct diet and living the correct lifestyle, which often includes; eating reduced amounts of sugar (or no sugar at all), choosing carbohydrates that have a Low GI and are found in their whole natural state, and quitting smoking and dramatically reducing alcohol consumption (or again avoiding it completely to obtain best results on blood sugar).
Many people living with diabetes type 2 can successfully manage the condition, and even reverse their diagnosis when they learn to eat correctly by seeking out a suitable nutritionist or certified diabetes coach, and employing the right exercise regime.
1. Combine Aerobic & Resistance Training
According to a study published in the Diabetes Care Journal, a combination of aerobic and resistance exercise training may be more effective in improving blood glucose control than either alone; however, more studies are needed to determine if total caloric expenditure, exercise duration, or exercise mode is responsible.
2. Supervised Exercise
Supervised structured training was more efficacious than unstructured activity in achieving declines in HbA1c according to the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. HbA1c refers to ‘glycated haemoglobin’, which develops when haemoglobin (a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body), joins with glucose in the blood, becoming ‘glycated’.
Doctors measure glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) to help them get an overall picture of what our average blood sugar levels have been over a period of weeks/months. Measuring the HbA1C levels is vital as the higher the HbA1c, the greater the risk of developing diabetes-related complications such as heart disease, and kidney problems.
Although in this study both structured and unstructured training programs provided benefits, only the former was associated with significant reductions in HbA1c levels. Therefore, type 2 diabetic patients should be stimulated to participate in specifically designed exercise intervention programs.